1975  Volkswagen Scirocco

 Click to Enlarge     drake  1.9 8V 
Manufactured for Volkswagen by coachbuilder Wilhelm Karmann of Osnabrück, Germany in February of  1975.
Purchased new for $4500.00 from the former Crest Volkswagen in Escondido, California. on April 1, 1975.

For several years, the Scirocco was my daily driver, until I bought my first pickup in 1983.  The car continued to log significant miles in freeway commutes to Los Angeles from San Diego and numerous ski trips throughout California, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, and Colorado.  Aside from installing a Holley-Weber carburetor in 1977, the car was maintainted as stock until 1986, accumulating about 135,000 miles.  I had to rebuild the head at about 60,000 miles when worn valve guides resulted in excessive oil consumption.  The car had served as generally reliable transportation for almost eleven years.. but I wanted something better.  

Major changes began in late 1985 when I installed the Drake motor, Koni sport suspension, upper and lower front chassis braces, and front and rear anti sway bars. The car now had ample power and improved handling but was driven out of storage only occasionally over the next ten years (and spent some of that time on jackstands) as priorities were elsewhere.  

In 1996 I restarted the project, bought the teardrops and installed a complete 16V brake system.  In 1998 I swapped the old 4-speed for a freshly rebuilt 5-speed FN transaxle with a Quaife TSD.
 The car was getting close to what I wanted as the .71 5th gear cut the noise at freeway speeds, but another seven years passed. During that time the car was driven less than 2k miles/year.

Resuming work in 2005, I began by installing a pair of Corrado front seats with new plaid seating areas, and placed sound absorbing foam throughout the body.  I also installed the 90amp alternator, relays to handle lighting and other functions,
LED interior lighting, and generally cleaned up and improved wiring.

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Volkswagen 1.9L 8-valve, built in 1985 by *Drake Engineering.
Drake Stage 3 modified original 1975 solid lifter head.
82.5 bore, 90.5 stroke, 1938 cc, compression ratio: 9.6 to 1.
8V head with 40.5/34mm valves and .426/.240 Drake sport camshaft and adjustable cam pulley.
Weber 32/36 DFEV progressive carburetor, original intake manifold, enhanced flow air cleaner.
High capacity oil pump, baffled 5 qt. pan, 10-row thermo controlled cooler, ss lines.
Recurved Bosch vac/mech advance distributor, Pertronics electronic points, Bosch coil.
Drake modified 11-bolt crankshaft to F & S pressure plate.
Euro GTI exhaust manifold, Drake dual downpipe, catalytic converter
Techtonics Tuning exhaust system with resonator and Borla muffler
Horsepower: 143 bhp @ 6000 rpm
Torque: 138 lb-ft @ 2000 rpm
Thanks to Robert Collins and Stewart Van Dyne, I recently obtained scans of Drake's build sheets for this motor:
Page One
Page Two
Page Three
   Drake Logo
*Drake was a renown engine builder and tuner in Southern California since the early days of hotrodding in the 1930s.  At one time their turbocharged Drake-Offys dominated the Indianapolis 500, and Drake motors won the race a total of 26 times.  Drake never limited itself to Indy engines - BMW 320i, Mazda IMSA GTU, big block Chevys for race boats and Champ dirt track motors were produced.  Their connection with the 8-valve water cooled VW motor began with success in the "Super Vee" racing series. Drake also produced variations of the VW motor for midget racing and later developed and sold a variant using a 16-valve head of their own design and manufacture.

I contacted Drake in summer of 1985 at their Irvine, California shop and talked numerous times with Robert Collins and later got to spend some time with Stewart Van Dyne (now of Van Dyne Engineering, Huntington Beach, CA and owns everything Drake).   I believed that there was no substitute for cubic inches so I choose the 1.9 liter option.  It took a few months to actually plunk down $3500+, but by the end of 1985, I picked up the finished motor and manifolds.  
More Drake Information

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          Transaxle & Clutch

          Five-speed FN transaxle, .71 5th gear ratio
          Quaife Torque Biasing Differential.
          Fichtel & Sachs 190mm sport clutch kit.
          Custom fitted 83 GTI linkage with short shift kit.


          Koni  Sport suspension.
         GMP anti-sway bars, 19mm, front & rear.
          Drake upper and lower stress bars, front.
          Drake poly/graphite suspension bushings, front & rear.
          Scirocco 16V wheels with 195/60/14 Dunlop SP Sport A2 Plus.

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          Front:   10.1in. discs/stock pads/ss flex lines
          Rear:     9.0 in. discs/stock pads/ss flex lines
          Master cylinder/power brake servo/rear proportioning valves
          (1987 Scirocco 16V) 

             Body Exterior & Interior, Electrical
Exterior Color: L50C Lagunenblau (Lagoon Blue) - original
Interior: Corrado seats, original rear seats, charcoal carpet mats
VDO oil pressure, oil temp, water temp, voltage, vacuum gauge, hour meter
Kenwood head unit / Blaupunkt speakers / sound insulation
Hella E-code H1/H4 headlights & 450 fog lights
Headlight, fog light and starter relays
Corrado front seats
Rear bench seat
Bosch 90 amp alternator
Trunk carpeting 
Under dash panel
Hood sound reduction panels and seal
Body color exterior moulding
Locking fuel filler cap and surround
VW windshield logo
City of Muenster/Westf. sticker
Scirocco.org sticker
Under hood stickers
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        Vehicle weight: Approximately 2010 lbs.Engine output: 74.3 horsepower/liter (1.2hp/CID).
        Calculated Top Speed: 144 mph.
        Fuel: Premium unleaded   Oil: Valvoline   Trans lube:  Redline MT-90

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The repository for all Scirocco information is www.scirocco.org

Please direct your comments on this page to: gforbess@roadrunner.com